Category Archiveflextime schedules

The Impact of Flextime Schedules on Motivation of Employees

flexitime-employee-motivation

flexitime-employee-motivation

Employee motivation is one of the major common issues facing managers across organizations. In order to understand what is meant by “employee motivation” within the scope of this study, it is necessary to define motivation. In addition to the definition, a motivation theory, namely Marslow’s Hierarchy of Needs would be applied to the employee as an individual. There are several definitions of motivation in the literature; from the psychological point of view, motivation is basically defined as the driving force or the reason behind the action of an organism or human behavior. For this study, the following definition of motivation found in online business dictionary would be adopted: “Internal and external factors that stimulate desire and energy in people to be continually interested in and committed to a job, role, or subject, and to exert persistent effort in attaining a goal. Motivation is the energizer of behavior and mother of all action. It results from the interactions among conscious and unconscious factors such as the (1) intensity of desire or need, (2) incentive or reward value of the goal, and (3) expectations of the individual and of his or her significant others”.

Download the e-book

The American human psychologist Abraham Maslow conducted an investigation between 1939 and 1943 on human behavior from which he developed a theory on human motivation. The theory, popularly known as Marslow’s Hierarchy of Needs, identifies five basic human needs as follow:

  • Physiological Needs
  • Safety Needs
  • Social Needs
  • Esteem Needs
  • Self-Actualization

Physiological Needs are the fundamental needs to survive such as shelter, food and water that motivate a person to take action. After the fundamental needs have been satisfied, the person’s needs are replaced by safety needs to protect the physiological needs. Safety acts as motivator for the actions of the individual. If safety is in place, the person moves on to attain social status in order to satisfy the social needs. For the person, loving someone or being loved, acceptance in a social club or having friends may be part of satisfying the social needs. The achievement of a social status leads the person to the next higher level of needs, esteem needs. The esteem needs motivate a person to accomplish a goal as well as gain recognition, reputation and self-respect. Having satisfied esteem needs, the individual is now at the top of Marslow’s pyramid, self-actualization. Self-actualization motivates a person to exploit all potentials and attain highest achievements while psychological growth continues

Download the e-book

error: Content is protected !!