Perception of Beauty

Aside from symmetry, males in Western cultures generally prefer females with a small jaw, a small nose, large eyes, and defined cheekbones – features often described as “baby faced”, that resemble an infant’s. Females, however, have a preference for males who look more mature — generally heart-shaped, small-chinned faces with full lips and fair skin. But during menstruation, females prefer a soft-featured male to a masculine one. Indeed, researchers found that female perceptions of beauty actually change throughout the month.Continue reading


Before athletes go on to the field, they prepare their muscles for the activity they are about to participate. A pitcher will go through a series of warm up techniques that usually involve stretching before pitching. A gymnast will make sure her muscles are warm and pliable to avoid a strain that may keep her out of competition. Continue reading

Artistic Style of Modern Art

The names of some periods in art history can create confusion. Consider the term “Modern Art.” Art historians have observed that artists of earlier times also perceived themselves as modern. Renaissance humanists thought they were revolutionaries in the 15th century. Modern Art refers to art created roughly between 1867 and 1975. Major movements included Impressionism, Cubism, Surrealism, Abstract Expressionism, and Pop Art. Continue reading

How do Youths Define Spirituality?

The answers of youth revealed the fact that they described their spiritual behaviour in terms of seven categories with regards to personal and social developments. They were categorized as: to have purpose; to have the bond of connections, including those to a higher power (typically God), people and nature; to have a foundation of well-being, including joy and fulfillment, energy and peace; to have conviction; Continue reading

The Global Financial System and Liquidity


Global Financial System and Liquidity

Liquidity is the elephant in the dark room that is the global financial system. Everybody knows that liquidity is important, yet few would brave defining what it is, or how to gauge it accurately. One of the disturbing aspects of ‘liquidity’ is that its meanings and functions as a financial cate-gory vary according to the context and level of economic activity, as well as to the phase of the business cycle (Nesvetailova 2008). Liquidity of the market or a portfolio of assets during ‘good’ times is not the same as liquidity during an economic downturn or a financial crisis. Assets that are easy to sell when economic agents share a sense of optimism about their profitability, liquidity and safety, often turn out to be unwanted and expensive bundles of ‘illiquid’ debt when the sense of optimism evaporates. Hence ‘liquidity’ can evaporate literally overnight.Continue reading